Category Archives: TVET International

TVET/VET and Entrepreneurship

By | TVET, TVET International, Vocational Education and Training | No Comments

Inspired by TVET/VET Leaders from across the world in Bonn, Germany this week, for the UNESCO UNEVOC Programme, this blog is written for you and colleagues working to improve TVET systems in your country.

Most people agree that Technical Vocational Education Training (TVET/VET) solves a number of problems but there are a number of problems with TVET/VET.  These include:

  1. Lack of flexibility and responsiveness in training
  2. Disadvantaged groups not supported
  3. Mismatch of training and skills required for jobs
  4. Specific skills gaps
  5. Unemployed or underemployed youth

Evidence of monitoring and evaluation is important and now there are many examples of people (students, employers, industry sectors) not choosing TVET or where there are a number of TVET trained graduates, the job opportunities are slim.

TVET’s biggest problem is relevance, getting skills and competencies into the curriculum to keep pace with employers, entrepreneurs and industry needs and this is aside from the requirements of future job roles. Read More

Taiwan’s reforms to education positioning the island nation on the world stage

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The Taiwan education system produces students with some of the highest test scores in the world, with a near-perfect literacy rate of 98.70%.  Recent reforms now mandate a 12-year schooling period for the Taiwanese.

Taiwan

 

However, there’s concerns about emphasis being placed on memorisation and examination, instead of creativity.  This leads to graduates who test well but lack critical thinking required in the ‘real world.’ Read More

The world looks to Germany’s successful dual apprenticeship model

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German ApprenticesGermany is a world leader in TVET reform and progress.  It’s always been an important part of the education system in Germany.  In 2014 alone, over half a million students went through Germany’s dual model TVET system, which pairs firm-based training with a school component.  But, it’s the country’s broader qualification structure that sets it apart. Read More

TVET: the answer to employing Myanmar’s 1 million youth

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Rapid economic development is on Myanmar’s horizon.  Experts have predicted an 8.4% annual GDP growth for the nation this year – a ground-breaking growth rate, up from 5.9% in 2011.  Technology trends and large amount of relatively-free moving capital are to thank for Myanmar’s recent (and continual) growth.

Myanmar women

But, as it stands, the country’s workforce simply doesn’t match the increasing economic demand.

Until 1996, all of Myanmar’s vocational schools were organised under one umbrella. This created a large gap in education and training available for mid-level technicians. Read More

Education inclusion ticket to Ecuador’s development

By | Education, Entrepreneruship, TVET, TVET International | No Comments

Education, vocational training, and life skills are what Ecuador needs to thrive, according to the World Economic Forum.  All Ecuadorians must have 21st century skills to succeed in their fast-evolving global digital economy.

Ecuador group

Literacy and numeracy skills, as well as collaboration, creativity, and problem solving skills could help take the country to new horizons.  As it stands, for people in Ecuador there is a gap in the education they need. Many countries in Latin America rely on volunteers to teach English, yet this isn’t sustainable. Read More

Pakistan launches TVET reform targeting youth

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For some time, Pakistan has had a TVET system that doesn’t match its requirements.  There’s no systematic approach to monitoring labour market demand.

Pakistan youth

As a result, there’s a complexity of issues including economic demand, under utilisation of facilities, lack of autonomy, and informal sector training.  Millions of young Pakistanis enter the job market annually but lack relevant skills. Read More

TVET to put Nepal on world stage

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Nepal is one of the ten fastest nations making development gains in terms of the Human Development Index in the past four decades. Yet, half of Nepal’s population living below the poverty line while their public spending on healthcare is a tiny US $3.10 per person.

Nepal’s current education system isn’t serving the people.  As a result, the nation is failing to move forward in helping employ locals.  What’s needed is a hands-on approach to VET training that actually meets industry opportunities.

nepal-790335_960_720

According to Annapurna Post’s analysis, “we have to internalise that skill is our base and utilise the natural and human resources and thus raise our national productivity.  This is the only way to achieve economic and social progress and reduce poverty.” Read More

Botswana to invest 21% of spending into vocational education

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Botswana has transformed itself from one of the poorest countries in the world to one of the fastest growing economies – from a bleak $70 GDP per capita in the late 1960s to the current $18,825 GDP per year.

High gross national income, quality standard of livingbotswana

Mining, cattle and tourism drive the economy.  Its high gross national income gives it a comfortable standard of living for two million population.
Read More

A small country with a big challenge to overcome – Sri Lanka

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Sri Lanka is a small country with a large, yearly population growth rate.  As it stands, this little island is home to 20.48 million people – close to the population of Australia.

Stick fishermen of Sri Lanka.

Stick fishermen of Sri Lanka.

And for the youth of Sri Lanka, it’s tough.  They’re unskilled and over a quarter (25.1%) of them are unemployed.  It’s a huge challenge the country is working to tackle, and if Sri Lanka plans to sustain their annual 8% GDP growth goal, a highly skilled workforce is needed. Read More